Charging technologies

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Standardisation of Charging Technology. Although there are different standards, all car manufacturers and governments are converging to a few standards to allow interoperability, mainly EU standard Type 2 (AC) and CSS2 (DC), US CCS1 (DC), Japanese standard CHAdeMO and the Chinese standard GB/T (DC), in use in India as well for low Volts batteries.

Our charging points offer the full range of AC and DC fast and rapid charging. Our App selects and books only the ones compatible with your vehicle and with your time availability. See how

There are three main types of EV charging – rapid, fast, and slow. These represent the power outputs and therefore charging speeds, available to charge an EV. Note that power is measured in kilowatts (kW).

Each charger type has an associated set of connectors which are designed for low or high power use, and either AC or DC charging. The following sections offer a detailed description of the three main charge point types and the different connectors available

3 to 7 kW AC Old type (e.g. for first generation Nissan Leaf), slow charge in AC only

3 -7 -11- 22 - 43 kW AC It is the most common public charge point standard around.

3-7-11-22kW AC tri-phase
A “normal plug”

3 kW AC Depending on the charger power, 100km range can be added in 5 to 30 minutes

50 – 350 kW DC Widely used European and US standard (e.g. Kia Niro, BWM, 3i
Jaguar i-Pace), CCS combo are in combo 1 and 2 up to 350 kilowatts. These two connectors are extensions of the Type 1 and Type 2 connectors, with two additional direct current (DC)
contacts to allow high-power DC fast charging

50 - 400 kW DC Japanese standard, present in Europe as well compatible with Nissan, Mitsubishi an other models. The name is derived from the Japanese phrase O cha demo ikaga desuka, translating to English as
"How about a cup of tea?", referring to the time it would take to charge a car

120 kW DC The Supercharger network, as well as Tesla’s ‘destination’ chargers (11
or 22 kW) are intended only or use by Tesla models.

Present in China and India for lower voltage batteries. The GBT standard supports both level 2 and level 3 AC, may even support three-phase AC, and supports 250 volt and 400 volt DC. While the pin layout looks similar to the IEC connector, the functionality is not identical. One difference is the Chinese GBT connector uses CAN BUS signaling for control, rather than PLC based control protocols

Rapid Charging

Powerful and quick

Rapid DC chargers provide power at 50 kW (125A), use either the CHAdeMO or CCS charging standards. These are the most common type of rapid EV charge points currently, having been the standard for the best part of a decade.

Both connectors typically charge an EV to 80% in 20-40 minutes depending on battery capacity and starting state of charge.

Ultra-Rapid DC chargers provide power at 100 kW or more. These are typically either 100 kW, 150 kW, or 350 kW and more. The power will be restricted to whatever the vehicle can deal with.

Rapid AC chargers provide power at 43 kW (three-phase, 63A) and use the Type 2 charging standard. Rapid AC units are typically able to charge an EV to 80% in 20-40 minutes depending on the model’s battery capacity and starting state of charge

If you have a charger, become a Host and earn money from your charger.

Fast Charging

Most Diffused

Fast chargers are AC chargers typically rated 7kW, 11kW and 22 kW. Charging times vary on unit speed and the vehicle, but a 7 kW charger will recharge a compatible EV with a 40 kWh battery in 4-6 hours, and a 22 kW charger in 1-2 hours. Fast chargers tend to be found at destinations (car parks, supermarkets, leisure centres etc) where you are likely to be parked at for an hour or more.

  • 7kW fast charging on one of three connector types

  • 22kW fast charging on one of three connector types

  • 11kW fast charging on Tesla Destination network

  • Units have tethered or untethered cables to the charger.

If you have a charger, become a Host and earn money from your charger.

Slow Charging

Temporary home solution

Slow charging units are rated at up to 3 kW, with some lamp-post chargers being rated at 6 kW). It is the most common method to charge at home overnight, as it can use a simple home socket, or a type 1, Type 2 or Commando socket.

It is strongly recommended use dedicated EV charging unit installed by an accredited installer. These can be also be managed by eVe and you can become a Host and gain money from your charger.

Charging times vary depending on the charging unit and EV being charged, but a full charge on a 3 kW unit will typically take 6-12 hours. Most slow charging units are untethered, meaning that a cable is required to connect the EV with the charge point

If you have a charger, become a Host and earn money from your charger.