Electric vehicles

As old as cars are

The invention of the first model electric predecessor vehicle is attributed to various people, who tried to put in practical use the invention of the battery by the Italian Alessandro Volta in 1799. In 1828, the Hungarian Ányos Jedlik invented an early type of electric motor and reacted to the small model car.

Between 1832 and 1839 the Scot Robert Anderson built and electric-powered carriage using non-rechargeable primary power cells, the same concept used in 1834 by Thomas Davenport in the USA and Prof. Sibrandus Stratingh in the Netherlands. Two French investors, Gaston Planté (1865) and Camaille Fuare (1881), improved the batteries. In November 1881 Gustave Trouvé presented an electric car at the Exposition Internationale d’Électricité de Paris. In 1884, 20 years befire the Ford Model T, Thomas Parker built a practical production electric car in London using his own design high capacity rechargeable batteries, as did in 1884 the German inventor Andreas Flocken. The level of comfort and ease of operations made the electric cars the preferred method of automobile propulsion at the turn of the century, with 30,000 electric vehicles circulating at that time, or one third of the total of circulating vehicles in the US.

220 million electric cars

Worldwide by 2030 559 million electric cars WW By 2040 equal to 55% of new cars and 33% of global fleet

$70 $/KWH cost of batteries

By 2030, from 1,000 $/kWh in 2010 and $200 $/kWh in 2020 (battery costs are currently 1/3 of total manufacturing costs)

15m public chargers

Worldwide by 2030

No pollution and no noise

Compared to ICE vehicles

-30% cheaper to maintain and operate

Cost of manufacturing & maintenance, no road charges and free parking in many countries

80% cheaper

lower cost of fuel per km (Nissan Leaf vs Ford Focus)

Energy security

Combined with renewables, avoid import of oil & gas and imported inflation, resulting in lower interest rates to fuel economic growth